Oncology Case Reports

Oncology is a branch of medicine that focusses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of malignancy or cancer.  Cancers can be broadly classified into carcinomas, sarcomas,leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma, brain and spinal chord cancers based on the origin of cancer in the body. Loss of regulation in cell signaling pathways,  upregulation or downregulation of a housekeeping protein, metastasis, and evasion of the immune system are the major characteristics of any cancer. The occurrence of cancer can be due to both inheritable and environmental reasons. People with autoimmune disorders like (eg.  celiac disease) are at a high risk of cancer.