Case Reports in Opthalmology

The branch of Medicine that deals with the anatomy ,physiology and diseases of the eye is known as ophthalmology.Ophthalmologists are medically trained to provide patients with total eye care using medical, surgical, and rehabilitative services. In doing so, an ophthalmologist prescribes vision services, including glasses and contact lenses. Due to the increasing incidence and prevalence of eye related disorders such as presbyopia, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy among the aging population and low awareness about the ophthalmic disorders, especially in developing countries. This is primarily due to the lack of awareness amongst rural population about the various ophthalmic disorders such as cataract. Hence there is a huge need and demand of eye care professionals to deal with eye ailments and diseases. According to a study it is estimated that around 48% of world population is blind because of cataract and more than 60 million people suffer from glaucoma and it is estimated that the number would rise to 80 million by the end of 2020. Ageing population is the leading cause for refractive error problem in countries like the USA and Europe, it is noticed that the refractive error problem is mostly seen in population ageing more than 40 years.