Proctology/Colorectal Surgery Case Reports

Proctology: a specialization branch of medicine that can be associated with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the anus, rectum, and colon. Patients often turn to a proctologist or a colorectal surgeon when they need help with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. However, there is a mild difference between gastroenterologists and proctologists as the latter expertise in all parts of the GI tract and have an increased knowledge of the small intestine, colon, rectum, and anal canal. There are many disorders that can be treated by colorectal surgeries. Some of them include:

Hemorrhoids: commonly known as piles, hemorrhoids are swellings in the posterior part of the GI tract i.e. the rectum which causes bleeding, pain and distress.

Anal fissures: A small tear in the anus lining.

Fistulas: An infected tunnel between the skin and the anus.

Constipation: Constipation refers to difficulties in bowel movements as it becomes dry and hard to pass.Abdominal pain, bloating can also result because of this condition.

Cecal perforations occur due to direct or secondary injuries in the colon or rectum. Cecal perforations can be indicative of colorectal cancer also.